Sami culture and tradition

Culture and tradition. The first representatives of the Sami made a living from hunting and fishing. Domestication of reindeer in the 16th century. caused the transformation of an economy based on hunting into an economy based on itinerant breeding of these animals. Although reindeer still play a big role in the life of this people, currently only 10% The Sami community breeds reindeer and transports goods on sleighs pulled by these animals, and only a handful of traditionalists still lead a nomadic life.

One of the main elements that characterize Sama culture is the joik (the yoik), rhythmic poem, written for a specific person, describing her innate nature. It is believed, that the poem belongs to a person, which he describes. The tradition of this culture includes the use of folk medicine, shamanism and art classes (especially wood carving and silversmithing), as well as striving for harmony with the natural environment.

The Sami national costume is the only authentic national costume that is worn every day in Norway. It can be seen in the streets and supermarkets in Kautokeino and Karasjok. The attire of each circle is separate, specific features. They are all richly decorated, embroidered red and blue felt shirt or frock coat, trousers or skirt and shoes and a hat. For special occasions, women wear a crown of pearls and weave garlands of silk ribbons into their hair..