Norway is the country with the lowest population density in Europe. Unique on a European scale, the settlement model favored by the Norwegians is based on this, that the farms are scattered among fields or pastures, unlike centralized villages, we are used to watching in Poland or other countries. Such a model makes, that even the most remote parts of the country are inhabited, a relatively large proportion of the population lives in the countryside, and also most Norwegians have some constant contact with nature.
Human actions led to great changes in nature. Roads cut across the landscape, houses that are located far away from the world connected to the motorway system, farms and settlements. On all rivers – except for two – dams and hydroelectric plants were built; most Norwegian families have holiday homes by the lakes, around the ski slopes or just in the beautiful scenery. Even the unspoiled areas of Finnmarksvidda and its vast peninsulas, cutting into the Arctic Sea, they are used as enormous pastures for reindeer. So, apart from the glaciers in the higher parts of the country and national parks, true wildlife in Norway is only found in a few forested mountain regions along the border with Sweden, in parts of Hardangervidda and almost all of Svalbard.