Fauna – Land mammals

Fauna-Terrestrial Mammals There are many different species of mammals in Norway, what we meet and with us, and many species characteristic of the northern regions. However, a specific way of people settling (numerous farms, admittedly scattered far apart, but it is almost evenly distributed throughout the country) has a limiting effect on the natural environment, and also contributes to the reduction of the number of animals.

Rabbits (rabbit), which probably once escaped from the breeding farm, they settled in the south and south-west of the country. Arctic hare (harej is found all over Norway, especially on moors or mountain meadows, and sometimes also in forests. Hedgehogs [hedgehog) can be found south of the Trandelag. The forested and lakes-covered areas of southern Norway are inhabited by a large number of beavers [bever). Borsuki [badger) they live in the river valleys and forests of southern Norway, while the otters (oter) in the waters of rivers flowing among forests and in the sea (except for the northern part of Finnmark).

Weasels (happy) and ermine (myskatt) they are abundant in all districts. The fur of the northern varieties turns white in winter. It is precisely because of the beautiful winter robe that ermines are trapped. Solitary wolverine, fond of solitude (jerv), the greater cousin of the weasel, inhabits mountain forests and lower mountain areas, mainly near swamps and lakes in Nordland and in eastern and central Norway. Forest martens (forest peat) can be observed in many wet areas, forested areas south of Finnmark. Norki, found in wooded areas in the north as far as Tromso, they also like water.

Common fekoin squirrels) they are found in large numbers in coniferous forests all over Norway. Shrews are also common (spissmus) and rodents, such as a house mouse (house mouse), brown rat [broken] and nornica (markmus), inhabiting all districts. Although the brown rat has the Latin name Rattus norvegicus, that is, the Norwegian rat, is not from Norway, but from Asia; it just once arrived in the European world on board Norwegian ships. Some rodents, which include English voles, mountain rats and northern water rats, even at heights 1300 m.

Lemmings (lemen), occurring in mountain regions on approx. 30% country area, they live mainly in parts located at an altitude of approx. 800 m in the south and in the lower parts of the north of the country. These animals grow to 10 cm in length, they have soft fawn-black fur, beaded eyes and prominent upper incisors. Lemmings can get angry when you meet them in the mountains, make hisses and squeals, and even attack! A variety of lemming that lives in forests (skoglemen) lives near the Swedish border between Hedmark and Finnmark. Most species of Norwegian bats (bat| lives in the south of Norway, but the northern bat can be found all over the country.

The area where the deer is found (red deer) it stretches as far as the Arctic Circle, while roe deer live in forests in the south and east of Norway. The wooded areas from the south of the country to the south of Finnmark are the domain of the elk [elk], wise animals, which – contrary to the fairy tales of tourists – stay away from people and roads. Reindeer (reinsdyi) lives in large herds in the wild, usually above the upper limit of the forest level, sometimes even at heights 2000 m n.p.m., especially on the Hardangeryidda plateau, but he can also be found in Jotunheimen, Dovre-fjell and in the mainland parts of the Trandelag County. The Finnmark reindeer are owned by the Sami (Sami people), who lead the herds to the sea at the beginning of summer, and for the winter they return to the interior of the country with them. Smaller caribou from Svalbard (svalbardrein) occurs only on the islands of Svalbard.

At the end of the years 40. Musk oxen have been reintroduced into the Dovrefjell National Park |musk ox), imported from Greenland I More information in the box in the chapter Central Norway).

As in many other countries, wolves (wolf) they are not liked by farmers, reindeer herders or hunters.

Very few species live in Norway, they are mainly concentrated in the vicinity of Hammar, and also in Finn-mark. Wolves, which come from Russia from time to time, it kills itself due to the alleged threat of rabies. Red foxes (rodreyjs are found in many places, but their numbers are declining due to frequent scab disease. Arctic foxes, that is, fenki (mountain fox), they are located in the area north of the Oslo-Bergen railway line, mainly above the forest floor, and also on Svalbard. A rare animal is a lynx that lives alone in forests {Lynx|, the only representative of large cats living in Europe.

Brown bears (bjorn) they have been persecuted for centuries. A handful of the species survived in forested valleys along the Swedish border, between Hedmark and Finnmark. The only permanent group of bears in Norway lives in the 0vre Pasvik National Park in southern Finnmark.

Polar bears (isbjorn) they only live in Svalbard. They are not typical land animals, as they spend a lot of time on ice packs or drifting big crashes. Since its entry into force in 1973 r. the hunting ban has increased their number to more than 5000. The polar bear is the world's largest land carnivore, weighing up to 720 kg and reaching a length of up to 2,5 m. Despite their size, these animals are fast and agile. The fur on the soles of their feet makes it easier to navigate on ice and snow and provides additional insulation. Polar bears mainly feed on seals, whales thrown onto the beach, fish and birds, however, they rarely attack reindeer or other land mammals (including – what a luck – human]. Polar bear milk consists of in 30% from fat, that is, it is the most calorific food of all young carnivorous land mammals. It enables the bears to grow quickly and helps them withstand low temperatures. Due to its specific diet, the liver of a polar bear contains such a large amount of vitamin D., that she could kill a man, who would eat her.